Wrocław is full of monuments of its thousand years of history. Today it is also one of the booming Polish cities. Ask Ask the splendid Wrocław guides for an amazing tour around the town!

Wrocław, the historic capital of Silesia, is one of the biggest and oldest Polish cities. Vratislavia was first unambiguously mentioned as a mighty burg about the year 1000. It was then that a Polish ecclesiastical see was created there. In 1335 the city has fallen under the sway of the Czech king John of Luxembourg and broke its ties with Poland. Later Vratislav, together with the entire Poland, fell under the sway of the Hungarian monarchy, and it is from those times that the Hungarian name of the city, Boroszló, dates. Together with the Czech crown, Wrocław was incorporated in to the Habsburg monarchy and renamed to Breslau. In 1741 the entire Silesia was taken over by Prussia, and thus Wrocław was incorporated into the Kingdom of Prussia, and later the German Reich, until 1945. After the Second World War Wrocław was returned to Poland.

Wrocław is full of monuments of its thousand years of history. It is best to begin visiting the town in its oldest part, or the former islands on the Odra River and its forked tributaries. The most famous of these are Ostrów Tumski and the Piasek island, a medieval residential quarter, today one of the Polish Monuments of History. Another site on this list of only 30 locations is the Centenary Hall, also honored \ on the UNESCO list.

On the “islands” it is hard to miss the Church of the Holy Cross and St. Bartholomew. The great medieval architect known as Magister Lapida Wilancius divided the interior of the building into two floors occupied by two separate churches.

The city centre is surrounded by an urban moat, one of the few preserved in Europe. The premises of the Wrocław University with the Aula Leopoldina hall and its beautiful baroque decorations as well as a statue of a... naked fencer standing next to the main building are especially worthy of a visit. The university is merely one of the 35 academic institutions of the city; no surprise, then, that so important an academic centre was home to as many as 10 Nobel Prize laureates. Wrocław students are not only notable for their academic achievements, the Wrocław Thanks Jimmi Festival in 2007 saw the setting of the Guiness Guitar Record.

Another interesting part of Wrocław is the area around the town square and the Salt Square - Plac Solny. Visitors cannot fail to be impressed with the huge late Gothic town hall. Its tower, measuring 67 meters, houses the oldest clock tower bell, installed back in 1368! The town hall cellars are home to Piwnica Świdnicka, one of the oldest European restaurants. As many as 8000 baroque, classicist, secession and modernist tenement houses are preserved all over the city. Wrocław houses 18 large museums, the most interesting of which include the National Museum, the Museum of Medal Art and the Museum of Military Engineering. Over 17 theaters and concert halls are active in the city, among them the Wrocław Philharmonic and Opera as well as the Polish, CAPITOL Music, Pantonime Theater and others. Interesting projects include the Pieśń Kozła Theatre and the GEST – the Mime Theatre of the Wrocław University of Technology.

Wrocław can be reached by plane, car, or train. When traveling by rail, one can reach the beginnings of railways in the Polish lands; the railway between Wrocław and Oława, built in 1842, was the first rail link on the territory of modern day Poland. The attention of visitors is also drawn to numerous beautiful 19th century railway stations.

Wrocław is a city placed close to the meeting point of three countries, so tightly intertwined in history.

See also:

 

Subscribe to our newsletter